Horse is considered as a strong and muscular animal that has great stamina and strength. Anyone who has seen horse racing must be knowing about the great power and endurance of horses.
No wonder they were an essential part of ancient kings’ military too, and even these days security personnel in various countries use beautiful, well-built horses for routine patrolling.
This beautiful animal has been domesticated around the world, and many rich and affluent people have their own horse stables. That said, owning a horse and caring for it is not a straightforward task as they need special attention and utmost care.
As a responsible horse owner, you should keep a sharp eye on his/her health because even small health issues can magnify into severe life-threatening diseases.
Given below are 5 most deadly horse diseases:
1. Equine Herpesvirus: This highly infectious disease can claim the life of young horses and unborn foals. Common symptoms of equine herpesvirus include nasal discharge, lack of balance, urine dribbling, lack of energy, hind limb weakness, and leaning on fences.
Since it is caused by a virus, there’s no cure for it. There’s a preventive vaccine available for it. Place your horse on a food vaccination program as well as sound herd management to prevent them from getting infected.
2. Potomac Horse Fever: PHF is another severe disease to watch out for. It is generally seen in warm weather months and with pastures that hold water. Symptoms of Potomac horse fever include mild initial fever, a lack of appetite, acute laminitis, and abortion by pregnant mares.
Few different vaccines are available for treatment, like the antibiotic oxytetracycline coupled with NSAIDs such as bute or banamine. Supportive therapy can also help with fever dehydration and diarrhea in conjunction with effective vaccines.
For expedited recovery from injuries related to respiratory system and lungs, you can also use the Multi-Purpose Training System (MPTS360) which is the world’s first Ultimate Training and Medical Delivery System for horses in all disciplines.
3. Strangles: Strangles is a very contagious disease which directly affects the respiratory tract of horses. It can be identified with the formation of abscesses on the lymphoid tissue in the upper respiratory system.
Common symptoms include high fever, nasal discharge, enlarged lymph nodes, and the reluctance of the horse to eat or drink. This disease can be treated with antibiotics besides available vaccines to prevent this nasty infectious disease.
4. Tetanus: The bacteria responsible for causing fatal tetanus disease is often found in manure and soil, and infects open wounds. Stiffness and muscle spasms are common symptoms besides sweating and respiratory system failure.
Horses need one yearly tetanus shot, but if he sustains a wound or undergoes surgery within months after his last tetanus shot, he should be revaccinated as soon as possible.
5. Equine Influenza: It is a highly infectious respiratory virus that put your horse out of work for weeks. Clinical signs of Equine Influenza include lethargy, watery nasal discharge, enlarged lymph nodes, loss of interest in feed, and a high temperature of 103-106 Fahrenheit.
A minimum rest of 1 week to 3 weeks, simple supportive care, NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug), and antibiotics are recommended by vets as potential treatment of Equine Influenza.
Coming to conclusion, no one wants to see their beautiful horses down with severe diseases or infections. Detect the symptoms early on and kill them in their bud.
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